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  SKIN TEXTURE - Problem & Solution  
Skin Texture
Skin Texture
A wide variety of skin conditions and environmental factors can make the skin feel rough, bumpy, papery, wrinkled, dry, scaly, or leathery. Generally, determining the source of skin problems is the first step to finding effective treatments. A dermatologist can examine the problem and provide effective treatments to improve skin texture and resolve most skin conditions.

Skin Texture

Several factors contribute to an even complexion, including the amount of collagen and elastin present in the skin. Collagen and elastin are the proteins responsible for skin elasticity, tone, and texture, and are affected by diet, age, hormones, skin products, cosmetic treatments, and overall health. In order to achieve smooth skin and a radiant complexion, it is important to understand how these factors affect one another. The first step you can take to improve your skin texture is to identify the culprits behind less-than-perfect skin.

Causes of Blotchy, Uneven Skin Complexion
There are several environmental factors that can cause the skin to appear blotchy and uneven. These include wind, dirt, chemicals, arid climates, smoking, pollution, and ultraviolet radiation (which causes sun damage). All of these elements strip the skin of its natural collagen and elastin fibers, causing it to appear dry, rough, and wrinkled.

Age also plays a role in the formation of wrinkles, age spots, blotchiness, and rough skin texture. Wrinkles, fine lines, and an uneven skin complexion all develop as a part of the natural aging process. Fortunately, it is possible to reduce the outward signs of aging by following a careful regimen of skin care and protection.

Specific skin conditions such as acne, rosacea, psoriasis, and allergies can severely affect the skin’s overall health and contribute greatly to blotchiness and uneven skin texture. If you experience excessive inflammation, itching, dryness, or pain, it is important to incorporate treatment for your specific condition into your skin care plan.

How to Achieve a Smooth Skin Complexion
There are a number of simple steps you can take to achieve smooth skin and a vibrant complexion.

Cleanse - Skin that is free of excess oil and debris is going to look and feel better. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends cleansing normal skin with plain soap and water. If you have dry or oily skin, you may want to find a cleanser specifically suited to your skin type.

Exfoliate - Simple cleansing is usually not enough to improve skin texture. Exfoliation helps remove excess skin, oil, and dirt from the top layer of the skin, making it less prone to roughness and breakouts. Usually, a gentle facial scrub will do the trick; however, if your skin texture is very rough or uneven, spa treatments such as microdermabrasion, chemical peels, or laser skin resurfacing can help smooth your skin and brighten your complexion.

Moisturize - Even if you have acne-prone skin or an oily complexion, it is still important to keep your skin hydrated by using a daily moisturizer combined with regular spa or at-home masque treatments.

Protect – Sun damage is among the leading contributors to roughened skin texture and uneven tone, not to mention skin cancer. Therefore, it is crucial to protect your skin by wearing a sunscreen or moisturizer with an SPF of 15 or higher every time you are outside.

In addition to a careful skin regimen, simple lifestyle changes can make all the difference in achieving healthy skin and a glowing complexion. Among the many other health benefits it provides, regular exercise (about 30 minutes per day) increases circulation and supplies extra oxygen to the skin. Drinking eight glasses of water a day is also one of the easiest and least expensive ways to improve skin texture and appearance. Finally, a balanced diet that is rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids (found in wild-caught cold-water fish, walnuts, fortified eggs, flax seeds, and leafy green vegetables) can help keep your skin smooth and healthy year-round.